Shiraz is a city which founded in the first century AH
It seems that the founders of this city borrowed the name of Shiraz from the name of a castle that existed before Islam near the current location of the city called Shiraz.
Apparently, the name of Shiraz has found in Elamite tablets in Persepolis
The naming is as follows:
, ish-si-ra-Ti, is-si-Shir, ish-si-is-ra-Ti ish-si-is-ra-Shi
And Tedesco has speculated in the Journal of the American Oriental Association, And the name of this city is taken from the two words evil (meaning good) + secret (companion of rose [hair]), But Master Émile Benveniste and Master Walter Bruno Henning did not like this way of derivation and rejected it, They say that “evil” means good in the dialects of eastern Iran and also in a Parthian word (in combination) and has no precedent in the southern and western dialects. (From the margin of the specific argument) By John Limbert, Iranologist, diplomat, and former lecturer at Pahlavi University in Shiraz, Shiraz has not always been the center of Persia throughout its history.
Shiraz is a new city by Iranian standards.
Islamic historians believe that Shiraz was founded in the first century AH by Abdul Malik Marwan. A local historian writes about Shiraz:
It is a place where has never been tainted with idolatry.
In the writings of Hamdollah Mostofi, he believes that the most authoritative narration is that Muhammad, the brother of Hajjaj Ibn Yusuf, founded or re-founded the city of Shiraz after the propagation of Islam.
According to Hamdallah Mustawfi, there is another narration that this work was done by his nephew Muhammad Ibn Qasim Ibn Abi Aqeel.
He writes the date of this work as 74 AH
Apparently, a city dating back several thousand years has recently been found in the north of Shiraz, this historical city, which we will give you more information in this regard.
Fars cultural heritage expert said: There is a 3,000-year-old civilization under the city of Safa in the city of Khorrambid, which according to the pottery found in it dates back to two to three thousand years BC.
Heidarifard added: “These settlements, which are carved with axes in the hard heart of conglomerate or crushed stones, are famous for being slow, and the people of Safa Shahr lived in the heart of the mountains until the Qajar period.”
The explorer of the city of Khorami said: “These diggers were used in different periods before Islam, Sassanid, Ilkhanid, Timurid and even Qajar to live, keep livestock and store food and weapons.”
He added: “People of this region were familiar with lithology thousands of years ago, who were able to carve these settlements in the heart of the mountain.”
Heidarifard added: “The people of Khorami had built these houses in the heart of the mountain to ensure their safety and protection from floods and earthquakes.”
The cultural heritage expert of Fars, stating that there are two to three valves on top of each of these ditches, added: “These valves, which reach a depth of 50 meters, have been used as ventilators or to store livestock and fodder.”
Heidari Fard said: “Although this ancient city has all the necessary features to be registered in the World Heritage List, it has not been included in the National Heritage List yet, and this issue has caused the owners to encroach on this unique settlement.”