Iranians’ Attitudes toward Afghan Immigrants

The results of a survey conducted in collaboration with the Tehran Municipal Studies Office and the National Planning Office of the Institute of Culture, Arts and Communications in the winter of 2009 provide evidence of a strong anti-immigrant trend in Iranian society.

Afghan child

43% of Tehranians believe who Afghans are of a different race from us Iranians, and 28% believe that marriage between Iranians and Afghans pollutes the Iranian race, 43% of Tehran residents believe who Tehran should be banned for the lives of Afghans, 44% believe that if Afghans are supposed to live in Tehran, it would be better to settle in neighborhoods separate from Iranians.

It has been four decades since the widespread migration of Afghan nationals to Iran.

  As Iranian society has progressed during this period, the living conditions of immigrants in Iran and the government’s immigration policy towards them have also changed; Unconditional acceptance and settlement in cities and villages in the revolutionary atmosphere of the end of the 1350s to the coercive measures for forced eviction in the post-war years are two ends of this spectrum.

IRAN Afghanistan Flag

For a day, we considered ourselves supporters of all the oppressed in the world, and our armpit was unconditionally open to our Muslim brothers.

  But there came days when tired of the scarcity of resources and difficult economic conditions, we counted the moments with successive deadlines for all of them to leave the country. Today, Iran’s immigration policy towards Afghan immigrants, although it is in the middle of the two ends of the spectrum, still uncertainty in the face of this population of two to three million people is the main feature of the country’s macro approach.

 If once there was a consensus that immigrants are temporary residents who return to their country after the end of the war, now afghan is strange for the third and fourth generations of these immigrants who born in Iran and Afghanistan as much as it is for a young Iranian. There is no clear policy.

 Today, with a policy called “organizing,” immigrants have been left in limbo, and their main issue, their social acceptance as residents, has been repeatedly postponed.

 In explaining this situation and the obstacles to the recognition of immigrants as citizens of this country, various factors can be mentioned.

Some scholars trace its roots to culture and groups to economics. In the book “In the Brother’s House”, I addressed this issue and tried to explain, along with various factors, how the conflict and social tension in the heart of Iranian society with immigrants and especially the competition for limited resources between the Iranian working class and Afghan immigrants Iranians act as an obstacle to improving the situation of immigrants in the country.

 Now, using the results of a survey in the city of Tehran on Iranians’ attitudes toward Afghan immigrants, I can provide further evidence for this claim.

This survey was conducted with a sample of 1128 people in the winter of 2009 in 22 districts of Tehran in cooperation with the Office of Social and Cultural Studies of Tehran Municipality and the Office of National Plans of the Institute of Culture, Arts and Communications affiliated to the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. Provides immigrants and immigration policies.

Hidden camera of Iranians’ different treatment of an Afghan and a foreign language immigrant

In this video, you will see how much Iranians treat an Afghan who speaks Persian with the same person when he speaks in a non-Persian language and how unfortunate it really is.

Remember “all of us are human”.

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