Games and dances with any name and title which they have continued their presence in the culture of Iranian ethnic groups are of great importance from the perspective of the history of music and drama.
Perhaps by preserving some of the forms and shapes that belong to the mass and rhythmic dramatic movements, under the name of dancing, stomp, playing, chanting, recitation, and listening, they are considered a significant part of what we have in the above field. Basically, the word dance is a title that has been used for this structure after Islam.
In Iranian literary texts and sources, as well as in the group of oral languages of the people of the Iranian regions, words such as Bazi, Vazi, Vazik, and Vajik with more general dimensions and aspects of dance, including a relatively wide range of developed rituals
In addition to dance, some quasi-sports movements, behaviors, and martial arts, pantomime, drama, poetry, and music have had a well-known place in it
In fact, games have been a smaller set of the most uplifting and enduring elements of religion, so that if we add some customs, ceremony, rituals, and prayers to the elements of a game, it is a ritual form
Therefore, if we consider dance in the main body and its original origin as a part of a ritual, it can be accepted that following the evolution and development of rituals, dance and dancing included rhythmic movements in which “organs the various human bodies moved in harmony with each other and expressed special desires and emotions and expressed certain moods
Since dancing and stomp among the people of ancient and modern periods has taken on different meanings and concepts such as sports, war, passion and religion, imitation and drama, entertainment and eroticism, more or less among all “The people of the world have gone through periods of transformation and evolution”
At the beginning of the dance and rhythmic movements in their current and abstract form, there was basically no ground for expression
Base on this fact, she classified the history of dance on the plateau of Iran into three general periods, namely the early period of antiquity, the period of the formation of great empires until the emergence of Islam, and the post-Islamic period
What is Sama?
The first current is related to the emergence of sects, especially Sufism, which during its ups and downs, by relying on some narrations, hadiths, and sectarian inferences from Islam, stubbornly defended a type of dance called Sama.
Undoubtedly, in such currents, at least in terms of behavioral formulations, Sama has an undeniable connection with Iranian culture
The story of all the differences that flourished on the plateau of Iran after Islam and many of them later became known as misguided (grains) and the way of performing their rituals and ceremonies and the cautious but esoteric reception of some Iranian tribes and clans and
The customs and practices of such differences confirm such an understanding
At during of history, the support of significant and influential social and religious groups for this process has led us to have a relatively large amount of documents and evidence about dances that became famous for their mystical dances
Documents that fully indicate the states and mechanisms of this art. A considerable part of Iranian literature, especially the literature related to the seventh, eighth, and ninth centuries AH, in addition to the tendency and expression of interest in this trend, presented the hearing of their dervishes as a sublime degree of worship and made it an unparalleled manifestation. And why they know the manifestations of truth
The ritual dance is a form of dance that is clearly ritualistic in nature.A dance which has been practiced for centuries throughout Central Asia, parts of Afghanistan, and parts of the western Indian subcontinent, as well as numerous groups and tribes from the southern and southeastern coasts of Iran
The oldest available document related to such dances mentions significant details in the history of Jahangshah Jovini and mentions the departure of Tarabi, which speaks relatively clear about the generality of the ritual, along with the rhythmic movements in the east of the Iranian plateau
A number of scholars have traced the roots of these dances, which have long been known as fairy tales, to the beliefs of shamans and attributed them to shamanism
Although this impression, in turn, has an academic status, in a more comprehensive definition, the roots of such rhythmic movements, which were originally associated with the conquest of spirits and the treatment of the mentally ill, should be placed in the category of religious magic beliefs
Our reason for this claim is the existence of a similar range of currents among different ethnic groups, including the Ogoz, Mongol, Tango, North American Indians, and some African ethnic groups
Ritual dances in the areas of demonstrations and movements that were formed in the past under the name of the dance, in circles and gatherings in Abrian, aristocracy, urban and semi-urban lords and related culture, in accordance with this culture, every day to another day, features and Its artistic essence was disappearing, but in all parts of the country, different tribes and clans continued to perform dances that, on the one hand, had their roots in the history of their social life and, on the other hand, were full of the spirit of life, movement, pulse, and dynamism
These dances, like all phenomena and creations of folk art, have emerged from the most fundamental concepts of life and, as a result, have been in perfect harmony with the structure of life, thought, morality, aesthetics, and ethnic taste
Therefore, the most important feature of this group of dances is their social origin
Wedding dances in Iran ( Knife Dance) + Two Sama Dance Videos
Today, we see a variety of dances at weddings, and recently new businesses have been activated in this field that coordinate dance training for the bride and groom in the days before the wedding
Some of these designers use story creations to create lasting scenes
You will watch one of these scenarios in the dance video.